I usually avoid political topics, but today I wondered, "What is the key difference between the two forms of government?" We all took government classes in high school but that was a long time ago. I couldn't remember if they really explained the difference so we understood.
Searching for definitions, I read that a pure democracy rules by the will of the majority and does not protect individual rights while a republic rules by elected representatives and protects the rights of individuals. Both are democratic forms of government but I'm grateful we established a Republic.
How about Parliament? When the English Parliament was first established, the monarchy ruled by absolute authority over the country and its government. After the Magna Carta, parliament evolved and the monarch was forced to govern THROUGH the parliament not OVER it. The House of Lords is filled with hereditary land owners (Lords) but the House of Commons is filled with representatives elected by their constituents, which also makes that government a representative form of government.
Now the big question. What happens when a country’s leader or legislature oversteps authority and does things that are unconstitutional? The courts can halt those acts through court cases initiated by people affected (they have standing). The legislature can also pass laws to override those actions. This is the reason that our three branches of government need to function separately to provide a balance.
So, we have a Republic and regularly change leadership without violence. We maintain our individual rights through laws and a balanced government. Our people have a voice in their government, exercising that voice by replacing leaders through the ballot box, so it’s really important that individuals educate themselves about issues and VOTE.
We have a Republic if we can keep it!